0084
01-03-1997
SEVEN LAMPS
Liesbeth van der Pol

Deelcollectie: The written versus the constructed

The principles established by John Ruskin in the 'Seven Lamps of Architecture' (1849) were a source of influence as strong on architecture as they were on the appreciation of art. These principles were:

SACRIFICE
– architecture, as against mere building, takes into account the venerable and beautiful, however ‘unnecessary’;

TRUTH
– no disguised supports, no sham materials, no machine work for handwork;

POWER
– simple grand massing;

BEAUTY
– only possible by imitation of, or inspiration from, nature;

LIFE
– architecture must express a fullness of life, imbrace boldness and irregularity, scorn refinement, and also be the work of men as men, i.e. handwork;

MEMORY
– the greatest glory of a building is its age, and we must therefore build for perpetuity;

OBEDIANCE
– a style must be universally accepted: ‘We want no new style’, ‘the forms of architecture already known are good enough for us’.

(J. Fleming, H. Honour, N. Pevsner, The Penguin Dictionary of Architecture)

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